Shin Splints, Achilles Tendonitis and Calf Muscle Injuries are common causes of pain in the shin and calf.

  • Achilles Paratendinopathy
  • Achilles Tendinopathy
  • Calf Muscle Strain
  • Compartment Syndrome
  • Shin Splints
  • Osgood Schlatters
  • Broken Leg
  • Tibialis Posterior Pain

‘Shin Splints’ is a catch all term for shin pain that is common during running. Sports medicine experts tend not to use the term Shin Splints, preferring Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome instead, as it more accurately describes the problem.

Causes

  • Sudden large force or pressure to the calf
  • Overuse injury common in running and jumping activities
  • Excessive acceleration from stationary and lunging
  • Insufficient warm up exercise
  • Flat feet or pronated arches
  • Improper or worn-out footwear
  • Muscular imbalances (e.g., tight calves)
  • Exercise that is too intense at the beginning of the program
  • Poor body alignment

Treatment

The Calf is rested in an elevated position and a physiotherapist applies an ice pack for 20 minutes every two hours (never apply ice directly to the skin). A compression support can be applied to limit bleeding and swelling in the tissues. Electrotherapy treatment can also help during the early stages. Once the initial pain has worn off more active rehabilitation can be started, including Calf stretching and strengthening exercises.

 

gait-scan
Gait Scan at Emma James Physio

Prevention

Remember:

  • Always warm up well
  • Always cool down well
  • Stretch frequently
  • Strengthening exercises

 

 

How we can help

We can help with any of the injuries mentioned above. Visit us for Gait Scan or Personal Training. See our Website for details.